Sciatic Nerve


The term “sciatica” describes a set of symptoms and is not a diagnosis

The symptoms are pain, numbness, weakness, tingling, pins and needles along the sciatic nerve from the lower back to the buttock, all the way to the leg and foot, and involves only one side of the body.

The most common diagnosis is a compression of a lumbar nerve root between the L4 and S1 spinal levels, caused by a herniated disc pressing against it.

Another very common diagnosis is the Piriformis Syndrome, where the piriformis muscle, found deep in the buttock, directly compresses the sciatic nerve that passes under it or, in a small percentage of patients, through it.

Very often the diagnosis for sciatica is made because just part of the symptoms, or very similar ones, are present: for example, low back and buttock pain, or buttock pain that reaches down to the knee, or at times just low back pain. In these instances, the involvement of the sciatic nerve as the cause of the pain is much less likely: sciatic pain reaches down to the foot, has a sharp, searing character, and is usually accompanied by other symptoms like numbness, tingling and pins and needles.

Speak to an expert

Our entire team offer FREE 15 minute consultations. It’s a no obligation opportunity to discuss your problem and learn what treatment is right for you.

We’ll even recommend other practitioners and treatments if there’s a more effective option available.

Call us today on 01628 626 565 to book a consultation or fill in the form below & we’ll call you back

    This site is protected by reCAPTCHA and the Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service

    So, what hurts then, if not the sciatic nerve?

    The main other tissues that produce pain are joints, muscles and connective tissue

    An irritated joint in the lumbar spine can normally produce symptoms in the lumbar and buttock regions; an inflamed or irritated sacroiliac joint, the joint between the sacrum and the pelvis, can easily cause pain down to the knee, as does the hip joint; a spasm in the gluteal muscles can refer pain from the buttock to the ankle; tension in the connective tissues will also produce similar symptoms, and together with muscle spasms can also produce tingling and pins and needles in a similar way to a sciatic nerve irritation.