What is Hormone Imbalance?
Hormones are chemical substances produced by glands that are secreted directly into the bloodstream. When in the blood stream, these hormones are carried various organs of the body to regulate numerous bodily functions. The major hormones are thyroid hormones (produced by thyroid gland), estrogen and progesterone (female hormones produced by ovaries) and testosterone (male hormone produced by testis).
Hormone Imbalance In Females
Hormonal imbalance in women can lead to various conditions and syndromes
The main syndromes resulting from hormonal imbalance in women are PCOS, premenstrual syndrome and menopausal syndrome. PCOS mainly leads to irregular periods, acne, hair growth on the face and infertility.
Premenstrual syndrome refers to a set of symptoms that are experienced by women a few days prior to the onset of periods. The major symptoms of premenstrual syndrome are mood swings, irritability, depression, headache, changes in bowel movement, abdominal bloating, breast tenderness and acne.
Menopause is the permanent cessation of periods in women. The set of symptoms that appear during menopause are collectively referred to as menopausal syndrome. Symptoms of menopausal syndrome include hot flushes, depression, mood swings, anxiety, irritability, sleeplessness, osteoporosis (weak bones), weight gain (obesity), hair loss, low sex drive, vaginal dryness, excessive vaginal bleeding (flooding).
Hormone Imbalance In Males
Hormonal imbalance in men can lead to some major health complaints
Hormone imbalance (mainly testosterone) in males results in major complaints of erectile dysfunction, infertility, low sex drive, breast development (gynaecomastia), depression, loss of muscle strength, decreased bone density, falling of hair and lowered energy levels.
Hormone imbalance resulting from thyroid gland dysfunction
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Thyroid gland mainly controls the metabolic functions of the body. Hormones produced by the thyroid gland are TSH, T3 and T4. Imbalance of these hormones results in either of the two conditions – hypothyroidism (underactive thyroid) or hyperthyroidism (hyperactive thyroid).
Hypothyroidism mainly results in slowing of all bodily metabolic functions. While in hyperthyroidism, the metabolic functions are accelerated. The symptoms of hypothyroidism are weight gain, chilly feeling, constipation, heavy periods among women, feeling of fatigue and slowness/sluggishness.
The symptoms of hyperthyroidism include heated feeling, weight loss, hand tremors, restlessness, irritable mood, tiredness, palpitations, shortness of breath, diarrhoea, scanty periods in women and protruding eyeballs.